Ephesians 5:22-30. What interests us, returning to our text, is how a new kinship based on the household’s common relationship to Christ as “head” of his body, the new household of God, affected all of these various relationships. as Christ . "I, while I quote these words out of Scripture, use them in a higher sense" [CONYBEARE and HOWSON]. The common principle is the longing to fill one's desire with material objects of sense, outside of God. Paul’s Stewardship 1 For this reason I, Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus for the sake of you Gentiles— 2 if indeed you have heard of the stewardship of God’s grace which was given to me for you; 3 that by revelation there was made known to me the mystery, as I wrote before in brief. He has a divine will (5:17) and He “works all things after the counsel of His will” (Eph. gave himself--Greek, "gave Himself up." 9 For a discussion of the Caesarean origin see Abbott, Ephesians, pp. or, "Rouse thee!" Sometimes Paul gets a bad rap. Here is the more typical domus, in which the privileged few—people like Philemon of Colossae or Stephanas and Gaius of Corinth—lived. The Greek of it, and of "filthiness," occurs nowhere else in the New Testament. 22 Wives, submit to your husbands as to the Lord. They disobey God’s law and are ruled by Satan (1:7; 2:1–3, 5… After an examination of the support for this suggestion, the significance of the Dionysian cult to Paul’s commands in Ephesians 5:18 will be discussed. 6.65; Adv. EXHORTATIONS TO LOVE: AND AGAINST CARNAL LUSTS AND COMMUNICATIONS. Used of God in the Old Testament (as God my Savior), it most often carries its more common sense of provider and protector (cf. I press this point because these house rules grow directly out of the situation that caused Paul to write these letters in the first place: the return of Onesimus to Philemon, and the strange doctrines that are being spread among the Colossian Christians as reported to him by Epaphras. give thee light--rather, as Greek, "shall shine upon thee" (so enabling thee by being "made manifest" to become, and be, by the very fact, "light," Ephesians 5:13 ; then being so "enlightened," Ephesians 1:18 , thou shalt be able, by "reproving," to enlighten others). Ephesians chapters 1-3 wonderfully expound the Gospel while Ephesians chapters 4-6 provide a clear picture of how those doctrines change our lives. "Redeem" implies the preciousness of the opportune season, a jewel to be bought at any price. 1. therefore--seeing that "God in Christ forgave you" ( Ephesians 4:32 ). 32. To be joined with "cleansing it," or "her." This would not always be the case, of course, since the assumption of the passage is very decidedly that of the Roman villa; that is, the household of the elite, or privileged. Adam's deep sleep, wherein Eve was formed from out of his opened side, is an emblem of Christ's death, which was the birth of the Spouse, the Church. Ephesians 5:21-33 is a passage that is often considered crucial in understanding the obligations of husbands and wives in Christian marriages. Paul wrote it about 60-62 A.D. The two former (food and raiment) are here alluded to in a spiritual sense, by "nourisheth and cherisheth"; the third "duty of marriage" is not added in consonance with the holy propriety of Scripture language: its antitype is, "know the Lord" ( Hosea 2:19 Hosea 2:20 ) [BENGEL]. Ephesians 5:1-33 . The ointment compounded of principal spices, poured upon Aaron's head, answers to the variety of the graces by which He was enabled to "offer Himself a sacrifice for a sweet-smelling savor." Since the modern household looks almost nothing like the Greco-Roman household, this issue must be given a new cultural setting. 10 This imprisonment was actually a time when Paul was kept under guard in rented quarters (Acts 28:30). followers--Greek, "imitators" of God, in respect to "love" ( Ephesians 5:2 ): God's essential character ( 1 John 4:16 ). Covetousness is worship of the creature instead of the Creator, the highest treason against the King of kings ( 1 Samuel 15:3 , Matthew 6:24 , Philippians 3:19 , 1 John 2:15 ). The modern application is almost always put in terms of: “When you reach an impasse in decision-making, who has the authority to make the final choice?”. Ephesians 5:19-20 – Speaking to one another with psalms, hymns, and songs from the Spirit. Support for the Dionysian Background The two major supports to be considered are the widespread character of the cult and the worship of the cult. Ephesians Historical Background We must understand Ephesus if we want to understand the Book of Ephesians. Ephesians 5:16, KJV: "Redeeming the time, because the days are evil." Not that there are two churches, one with bad and good intermingled, another in which there are good alone; but one and the same Church in relation to different times, now with good and evil together, hereafter with good alone [PEARSON]. Ye ought to have no fellowship with sin, which is darkness, for your state as darkness is now PAST. 5. this ye know--The oldest manuscripts read, "Of this ye are sure knowing"; or as ALFORD, "This ye know being aware." But that is an illusion. John 12:24 , John 19:34 John 19:35 , to which Ephesians 5:25-27 allude, as implying atonement by His blood, and sanctification by the "water," answering to that which flowed from His side (compare also John 7:38 John 7:39 , 1 Corinthians 6:11 ). Ephesians 4:11-12 “So Christ himself gave the apostles, the prophets, the evangelists, the pastors and teachers, to equip his people for works of service, so that the body of Christ may be built up.” Ephesians 5:21-25 “Submit to one another out of reverence for Christ. Marc. 2. The "word of faith" ( Romans 10:8 Romans 10:9 Romans 10:17 ), of which confession is made in baptism, and which carries the real cleansing ( John 15:3 , 17:17 ) and regenerating power ( 1 Peter 1:23 , 3:21 ) [ALFORD]. "Submit" is the term used of wives: "obey," of children ( Ephesians 6:1 ), as there is a greater equality between wives and husbands, than between children and parents. God the Father planned throughout history for Jesus to create a multi-ethnic community of followers. Sonship infers an absolute necessity of imitation, it being vain to assume the title of son without any similitude of the Father [PEARSON]. Ephesians September 2, 2011 Some people used Ephesians 6:5-9 alongside Greek, Roman, and Arab discussions of slavery to support the kind of slavery practiced in the Americas, but a simple knowledge of the nature… wherein--not in the wine itself when used aright ( 1 Timothy 5:23 ), but in the "excess" as to it. 6. vain--empty, unreal words, namely, palliations of "uncleanness," Ephesians 5:3 Ephesians 5:4, Isaiah 5:20 (that it is natural to indulge in love), "covetousness" (that it is useful to society that men should pursue gain), and "jesting" (that it is witty and clever, and that God will not so … He who loves his wife loves himself. All of this is to say that, in the Colossian expression of our text (3:18-4:1), you could substitute personal names for the generic terms there. The gospel had continued to advance in Asia, Macedonia, and Greece. Notice that three relationships are assumed: But notice also that in each case the second party in the relationship is usually the same person: husband = father = master. The Church's relation to Christ in His everlasting purpose, is the foundation and archetype of the three greatest of earthly relations, that of husband and wife ( Ephesians 5:22-33 ), parent and child ( Ephesians 6:1-4 ), master and servant ( Ephesians 6:4-9 ). The natural marriage, wherein "a man leaves father and mother (the oldest manuscripts omit 'his') and is joined unto his wife," is not the principal thing meant here, but the spiritual marriage represented by it, and on which it rests, whereby Christ left the Father's bosom to woo to Himself the Church out of a lost world: Ephesians 5:32 proves this: His earthly mother as such, also, He holds in secondary account as compared with His spiritual Bride ( Luke 2:48 Luke 2:49 , 8:19-21 , Luke 11:27 Luke 11:28 ). Heartlight Christian Powerpoint background of Ephesians 4:32-5:1 -- Be kind and compassionate to one another,a forgiving each other, just as in Christ God forgave you. Christ--"the true light," "the Sun of righteousness." He speaks of baptism according to its high ideal and design, as if the inward grace accompanied the outward rite; hence he asserts of outward baptism whatever is involved in a believing appropriation of the divine truths it symbolizes, and says that Christ, by baptism, has purified the Church [NEANDER] ( 1 Peter 3:21 ). 31. Put on the full armor of God so that you can take your stand against the devil’s schemes." be discovered save by revelation of God ( Romans 11:25 , 1 Corinthians 15:51 ). 6.65; Adv. The best reading may be translated, That is to say, literally, which is (in other words) an idolater. 2 “Honour your father and mother”—which is the first commandment with a promise—3 “that it may go well with you and that you may enjoy long life on the earth.”. It is usually an unbloody offering, in the more limited sense. Proud member Christ is thus the “savior of the body” (a remarkable phrase indeed). Therefore--Translate, as Greek, "But," or "Nevertheless," that is, though there be the difference of headships mentioned in Ephesians 5:23 , nevertheless, thus far they are one, namely, in the subjection or submission (the same Greek stands for "is subject," as for "submit," Ephesians 5:21 Ephesians 5:22 ) of the Church to Christ, being the prototype of that of the wife to the husband. As we move toward looking at the now-Christian household as God’s household, I want to point out some of the difficulties we have in reading this text, beginning with one of its more common abuses: using it to tell modern husbands that they should assume their proper role as head of their wives. This discovery was not original with me, but seeing this sculpture reminded me of how important this background is to understanding this verse of scripture. God the Father planned throughout history for Jesus to create a multi-ethnic community of followers. In Christ's case, the Headship is united with, nay gained by, His having SAVED the body in the process of redemption; so that (Paul implies) I am not alleging Christ's Headship as one entirely identical with that other, for He has a claim to it, and office in it, peculiar to Himself [ALFORD]. This is made certain by the fact that when Paul addresses husbands in verse 25, he deliberately echoes the language of verse 2: “Christ loved us and gave himself up for us” (v. 2). 6. vain--empty, unreal words, namely, palliations of "uncleanness," Ephesians 5:3 Ephesians 5:4 , Isaiah 5:20 (that it is natural to indulge in love), "covetousness" (that it is useful to society that men should pursue gain), and "jesting" (that it is witty and clever, and that God will not so severely punish for such things). The Vulgate wrongly translates, "This is a great sacrament," which is made the plea by the Romish Church (in spite of the blunder having been long ago exposed by their own commentators, CAJETAN and ESTIUS) for making marriage a sacrament; it is plain not marriage in general, but that of Christ and the Church, is what is pronounced to be a "great mystery," as the words following prove, "I [emphatic] say it in regard to Christ and to the Church" (so the Greek is best translated). It is a well-known and widely practiced axiom that any writing must be interpreted in the … Not scurrile buffoonery, but refined "persiflage" and "badinage," for which Ephesus was famed [PLAUTUS, A Boastful Soldier, 3.1,42-52], and which, so far from being censured, was and is thought by the world a pleasant accomplishment. Ephesians: Background • Context: written in 61-62, when the conversation a... Enlightenment alone did not have slaves, but also especially for everything that follows and... 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