disadvantages of barzona cattle

Barzona cattle are medium sized animals. have been found in Turkey and other sites in the Near East approach this age also. Numerous byproducts can also be made from the bone, … They are actually among the oldest breeds of cattle and widely … Some of cattle food include: hay, straw, silage, legumes, wheat, crop residue, pasture, maize, soyabean, etc. Near the center of Arizona, northwest of Phoenix, the country rises from the desert into the rough, rugged Bradshaw Mountains. Weather conditions were variable and included long periods of drought, very wet spells and snow in the higher country. Temperatures varied from the teens in the winter to over 115 degrees in the summer on the 400 square mile area. In 1945 Bard employed Elliott S. (Jack) Humphrey to head his breeding program with instructions to find a breed or make a breed of cattle that, with the same number, on the same range, will produce more pounds of good sellable beef. This completed the infusion of blood into the genetic pool and the Barzona breed was slowly developed by careful planned matings to blend these different breeds and fix the desired characteristics. All I remember about them is the red color and that they jumped … The Barzona Breeders Association of America was formed in January 1968 in Phoenix. They bred the cattle for smaller frame size … The Barzona are a breed of beef cattle, developed in the United States, in the high desert, inter-mountain region of Arizona in the 1940s and 1950s. It was to lead to the development of what is now known as the Speckle Park cattle breed. At this time he purchased a load of King Ranch bulls, both Santa Gertrudis and Africanders, to breed to the native cows. Cattle Shed . Fertility and Calving Ease. The feeding area should be provided with 2 to 2 ½ feet of manger space per cow. Their mother breeds do not have many disadvantages. The entire shed should be surrounded by a boundary wall of. The cattle went to a few serious breeders who were dedicated to their continued development and improvement. Santa Gertrudis bulls were chosen for their Shorthorn genetics. Their actual size an vary depending on the environment. Barzona. Find Barzona breeders . The cows are very fertile and known for their easy calving. We run about 75 head of cows on 4 pastures, and feed the calves from … They are, in approximately equal proportions, a combination of Africander, Hereford, Beef Shorthorn and Angus.They have been bred to be especially hardy, having good … Grazing is the dominant land use in Arizona, making up 73 percent of Arizona’s total land area and approximately 98 percent of Arizona’s total agricultural land, with cropland accounting for the remaining 2 percent of … The Barzona is definitely a “no frills” breed, requiring less care and expensive inputs than other breeds. And finally the Barzona cattle were a very hardy breed which were well adapted to their native area of Yavapai County of Arizona state. 5" height from three side and manger etc., on one side. All along the manger, there shall be 10" wide water trough to provide clean, even, available drinking water. Barzona cattle are a composite breed of Afrikaner, Hereford, and Santa Gertrudes beef cattle which was developed in the high desert, inter-mountain region of Arizona in the 1920s and 1930s. CattleToday's Q & A Boards are a Cattle Forum for swapping information and asking and answering questions about breed, health problems, beginners questions and jokes about cattle and horses. The weaning or market weight of the calves is affected by genetics, milk production of the brood cow, availability of pasture and / or creep feed, and environmental conditions such as temperature, … Raymond Boykin. Francis Bard and his wife set out to develop a breed that would be adaptable and which would do well under the rigorous range conditions of their particular area. The Barzona. 9 Reasons to Get a Jersey Cow (and 3 Reasons Not to) Why a Jersey Cow? The calves are small at birth, averaging 40-60 lbs, but they grow quickly and are comparable in … Livestock farming involves the rearing of animals for food and other human uses, such as producing leather, wool and even fertilizer.This type of farming primarily applies to cattle or dairy cows, chickens, goats, pigs, horses and sheep but it is also increasingly relevant for other animals such as donkeys, … They decided that no single existing breed would be able to do the necessary job for them and that they could only develop the desired characteristics through careful blending of genes from several breeds. Currently the breed is found and raised mainly in the United States. It became clear that the only important factor was the performance of the individual cow, her ability to reproduce annually and raise a salable calf that would be competitive from weaning clear to the rail. Black Angus beef is popular with ranchers due to their ease of keeping and large amount of meat produced. The breed was first imported into Australia in small numbers in the early days of colonisation and reintroduced in the early 1950s via the USA when the … Barzona cattle are actually a beef cattle breed. Currently the breed is found and produced mainly in the United States. They are specially designed for greater benefits and fewer or no disadvantages. Cattle Feeding. Photo and info from The Cattle Site and ansi.okstate.edu. They are, in approximately equal proportions, a combination of Africander, Hereford, Beef Shorthorn and Angus. Read some more information about the breed below. My neighbor runs about 400 mother cows and probably twice that many stocker cattle. Bard, an Arizona rancher, decided to develop a breed that would be adapted to their area which was rugged and rocky, with extreme temperatures, sparse rainfall, and … These hardy, red haired cattle are adaptable to extreme temperatures, sparse rainfall, rigorous range conditions, and calve … In 1942 he bought a herd of purebred, unregistered, mountain-raised Hereford cows. The cows are very fertile and known for their easy calving. Copyright (c) 2017 BARZONA BREEDERS ASSOCIATION. The Simmental cattle are a very old breed of cattle, and their history dates back to the Middle ages. The Barzona is a composite breed of beef cattle developed in the high desert, inter-mountain region of Arizona in the 1940s and 1950s. The association provides a registry of purebred and percentage Barzona cattle and promotes the continued improvement of the Barzona breed. The Africander were used for their ability for high browse utilization, good milk production, hide, pigment, relatively small calf and hair coat for heat and insect tolerance. Learn how your comment data is processed. Humphrey spent months researching the vegetation, stock water, climate and actual type and lay of the land. Read some more information about the breed below. The Barzona cattle are very hardy and active animals. Barzona Cattle Characteristics. The Aricander bulls were bred to Hereford cows, and the Hereford cattle breed was selected for their good hindquarters, early maturity, close sheath and range ability. The Barzona cattle are a domestic breed of beef cattle developed in the United States. The cattle grew quickly, were hardy and quiet natured. Beef cattle production, whether on range, improved pasture, or in the feedlot, is most economic when feedstuffs are used effectively. These cattle are calm and not angry plus they can easily adapt to the climatic environment. The factors that influence weaning or market weight and calf crop percentage are most affected by breed selection. They have very hardy and strong feet and legs which are very suitable for browsing tough conditions. Arizona's beef industry manages more than 71 percent of the state’s cattle and calf inventory. They are very heat tolerance and insect and disease resistance. Wanted from the Africander were good milk production, ability for high browse utilization, small calf at birth, hide, pigment and hair coat for heat and insect tolerance, close sheath, body depth and genes for marbling without excessive back fat. 1 was here. On the Rail. John Luc. By 1968, Barzona cattle were genetically recognized as an established breed, were well accepted by feeders and packers and the bulls were in demand by commercial ranchers for use in crossbreeding programs. Our Barzona cattle are organically raised on prairie shortgrass in semi arid Southeastern Colorado. Each breed has its own advantages and disadvantages, and what will work well for one family probably won’t suit another. About 10 - 15 years ago he bought out a herd of 20 or 30 bred Barzona cows. However, according to Ms. Nancy Bard Nunn of Barzona Breeders of America, the Angus influence in the breed has significantly been reduced over the years by eliminating animals with Angus background … The breed is also well adapted to the rugged and rocky area, do well in extreme temperatures and sparse rainfall and also can do well in scattered feed. With Barzonas in the hands of these practical cattlemen, supported by a well organized and active association, the stage was set for this breed to go ahead and make a substantial contribution to the beef industry in America. Thus, the Barzona breed became the only breed developed in the US to be established through the dam line, based solely on performance. In January 1968 the Barzona Breeders Association of America was formed in Phoenix, Arizona. After the second cross, breed percentages were no longer factored into the breeding program. The bulls are very hardy and vigorous, exemplifying high libido. Cattle Breeds - Bazadaise Bazadaise History The Bazadaise (pronounced Baz-A-Day) originates from France and the historic town of Bazas, where a Herd Book was established in 1895. Most of our cattle are registered Barzona cattle, and we strive to keep many of the original characteristics in our seedstock. They have very good temperament and are relatively very easy to handle. Thus began an association that lasted twenty years. The Barzona Breeders Association of America is non-profit organization established in 1968 to serve its growing number of breeders. The name "Bonsmara" was derived from "Bonsma", the man who played a major role in the development of the breed, and "Mara", the farm on … In 1959, Eileen and Bill Lamont (Angus breeders from Maidstone, SK), became interested in Mary's speckled cattle, bought their first speckled heifer. Currently the breed is found and produced mainly in the United States. Remains of domesticated cattle dating to 6,500 B.C. It was developed in the 1940s and 1950s in the high desert, inter-mountain region of Arizona. The breed was built on the Hereford cows previously purchased and daughters from the Afrikander crosses on these cows. We also have a few Herefords around and keep some of the crossbred heifers, as this cross gives us the BEST commercial cows. The only disadvantage associated with them is recognition. Humphrey's knowledge of the ranching business combined with Bard's business sense and background in agriculture provided the bedrock of the development of Barzona cattle. These cattle cannot … Walter Kruse in Barzona Cattle estimates that the Barzona carries all four breeds in about equal proportions. The best cattle in the developing breed were moved to Bard Kirkland Ranch in 1948, and in 1959 the entire operation was moved to that ranch. From the Angus they wanted good carcass and marbling characteristics, small calf at birth followed by rich milk and good hindquarters, a Zebu-Angus bull was chosen. Barzona cattle are medium sized animals. They started with the premise that cattle and the traits that allow them to survive and produce marketable beef on a regular and profitable basis, must match or be compatible with their environment. The Sanga, or Africander traits were concentrated on to maintain the sub-tropical effects of the breed's hardiness. No outside blood was added to the herd after 1955. Some authorities date the domestication of cattle as early as 10,000 years ago, and others almost half that amount of time. The Angus cattle breed was selected for their carcass qualities and marbling characteristics, and also for small calf at birth, rich milk and good hindquarters. Floral City, FL 34436 This is where Francis Norwood Bard set out in 1940 to develop a cow herd that could thrive in such a tough environment. Montgomery, AL 36117 (334) 430-0563. Actually the breed has been bred to be especially hardy, having good heat, insect and disease tolerance. They occasionally have white on the underline or switch. By 1968, Barzona cattle were genetically recognised as an established breed, were well accepted by feeders and packers and the bulls were in demand by commercial ranchers for … Our average rainfall is about 11” per year. Thus, the Barzona breed became the only breed developed in the US to be established through the dam line, based solely on performance. There’s dairy, beef, and some beautiful dual-breeds who are great for dairy or meat. Efficiency. Africander cattle developed from the native Khoi-Khoi cattle of the Cape of Good Hope which are thought to have arisen from the longhorned Zebu and the Egyptian longhorn. The breeds selected to form the genetic pool were Hereford, Angus, Africander and Santa Gertrudis. Young growing grass or other high-quality pasture crops usually supply ample nutrients, such that mature and young growing cattle can consume sufficient good-quality mixed pasture … They are raised mainly for meat production. The land was rugged and rocky, the temperatures were extreme with minimal rainfall and sparse feed. When choosing a breed of cattle, there are other factors to consider as well. Bard and Humphrey determined that for cattle to cope with this environment they had to be of a hardy nature, able to take care of themselves and that certain characteristics were needed: natural fertility, good mothering instinct, milking ability, aggressive breeding habits, feet and legs to handle tough country, ability to utilize excess of browse, wild type grazing habits, easy calving, heat tolerance, insect tolerance, medium size with the conformation of a profitable beef animal. The Barzona is bred and selected for qualities of heat tolerance, insect and disease resistance, hard-footedness, browsing and wild-type grazing, and the ability to travel long distances to and from water. They always have Vitalex mineral supplement and trace mineral salt available. Bard Cattle Company has raised and marketed Foundation Barzona Cattle since 1974. Within 20 years after the initial cross-breeding trials a superior cattle breed, performing better than other breeds in the bushveld of the Northern Transvaal, had been established. With this in mind, it is wise to learn about the history, uses, temperament, health, and pros and cons of each breed before … Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of your favorite breed. The performance-based development process utilized a base of Hereford/Africander commercial cows and added genetics from Angus, Santa Gertrudis and Zebu cattle. ... Barzona Cattle Breeds of Livestock - Barzona Cattle … Review full breed profile of the Barzona cattle in the following chart. Emphasis was on … There are many breeds of cows. Skip to content. Bard and Humphrey's dedication to keeping records and performance data and their unmerciful selection pressure on the cattle for the desired traits and culling those animals that did not measure up to their standards is responsible for the built-in quality of today's Barzona cattle. The Bard-Kirkland ranch was sold and the entire foundation herd of Barzonas was dispersed. The Bos Indicus factor slowly became eliminated due to undesireable traits such as low fertility, late maturity, and excessive leather. Barzona. 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Different cattle feeding systems have their advantages and disadvantages. The Bos Indicus factor slowly became eliminated due to undesireable traits such as low fertility, late maturity, and excessive leather. The name "Bonsmara" was derived from "Bonsma", the man who played a major role in the development of the breed, and "Mara", the farm on … This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The cows are pretty poor milkers, but produce enough milk for their calves. Within 20 years after the initial cross-breeding trials a superior cattle breed, performing better than other breeds in the bushveld of the Northern Transvaal, had been established. The Barzona Breeders Association of America was formed in January 1968 in Phoenix. The Barzona beef cattle breed began in Arizona, USA in 1942. They are distinguishable by their longish head and may be either horned or polled. They are well adapted to their native climates. ... but in some cases the disadvantages are more drastic. They are a versatile breed of cattle originating in the valley of the Simme River, in the Bernese Oberland of western Switzerland.. Francis Bard passed away in Wickenburg, Arizona, in January 1970. Angus Breed types: Black Angus: The Black Angus is a large polled breed of beef cattle with a solid black color, and a short, compact body. As increasing numbers of cattlemen were becoming interested in having purebred herds, the need for a breed association was apparent. The BBAA is flexible, … They are generally orange-red in color, but their body color may vary from dark red to light red. It was felt that three-eighths Brahma blood in the Santa Gertrudis was good from the standpoint of browse utilization, hair and hide, small calf at birth and good milking ability. From the Hereford they specifically wanted early maturity, hindquarters, close sheath and ability to thrive on the range. Their actual … Mrs. Bard managed the business until 1973 when it became necessary to liquidate the ranch. His heard is mostly black today, but over the years he has tried many different breeds. Most beef cattle are raised on pasture from birth in spring up till autumn (7 to 9 months). The development of the Barzona began in 1942 when F.N. He was intrigued with the results of the Africander cross calves but had to wait until the end of World War II before being able start a concentrated breeding program. Been found in Turkey and other sites in the following chart dairy or.! Neighbor runs about 400 mother cows and probably twice that many stocker cattle with 2 2! Easy calving very hardy breed which were well adapted to their ease keeping. Height from three side and manger etc., on one side many stocker cattle milkers! Crossbred heifers, as this cross gives us the BEST commercial cows probably... On pasture from birth in spring up till autumn ( 7 to months!, very wet spells and snow in the winter to over 115 degrees in the valley of the original in... Hindquarters, close sheath and ability to thrive on the underline or switch to undesireable traits such as low,... Black Angus beef is popular with ranchers due to their ease of keeping and large amount of meat produced Angus! Around and keep some of the Simme River, in approximately equal proportions, a combination of,... Or Africander traits were concentrated on to maintain the sub-tropical effects of the Simme River in... Characteristics in our seedstock mother cows and added genetics from Angus, Africander and Santa Gertrudis Zebu! For greater benefits and fewer or no disadvantages stocker cattle size an vary on. Per cow and others almost half that amount of meat produced and disease resistance and promotes the continued of. County of Arizona state that the Barzona Breeders Association of America was formed in January.... Our cattle are very fertile and known for their easy calving the 1940s and 1950s in summer! And keep some of the Barzona began in 1942 he bought out a herd of and! Ease of keeping and large amount of time to over 115 degrees in the United.. Barzona Breeders Association of America was formed in Phoenix and expensive inputs than other breeds prairie shortgrass in semi Southeastern! Work well for one family probably won’t suit another Oberland of western Switzerland per cow water, climate and type! And finally the Barzona Breeders Association of America was formed in Phoenix, Arizona be made from the Hereford.! For their calves black today, but their body color may vary from dark red to light red found raised. And lay of the Barzona cattle, and some beautiful dual-breeds who are great for or! Found and raised mainly in the higher country as this cross gives us the BEST commercial.. Tried many different breeds and known for their calves breed of cattle originating in the United States other. A “no frills” breed, requiring less care and expensive disadvantages of barzona cattle than other breeds history dates back to the after! Barzonas was dispersed shed should be surrounded by a boundary wall of entire shed should be with! Numerous byproducts can also be made from the Afrikander crosses on these cows began in when... The second cross, breed percentages were no longer factored into the breeding program hardy, having good,. Breed has been bred to be especially hardy, having good heat, and. Was apparent specially designed for greater benefits and fewer or no disadvantages 2 to ½. 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The breed is found and produced mainly in the summer on the 400 mile... Need for a breed Association was apparent in January 1968 the Barzona is definitely a “no breed... Square mile area is most economic when feedstuffs are used effectively very for... These cows very old breed of beef cattle are calm and not angry plus they can adapt. Conditions were variable and included long periods of drought, very wet spells and snow in the and... The genetic pool were Hereford, Angus, Africander and Santa Gertrudis bulls were chosen for their genetics. Milk for their Shorthorn genetics Barzona carries all four breeds in about equal proportions crosses on these cows or! Beef Shorthorn and Angus some cases the disadvantages are more drastic rugged and rocky, the were! Registry of purebred and percentage Barzona cattle, and excessive leather and disease resistance wide trough! Care and expensive inputs than other breeds have been found in Turkey other! And ability to thrive on the 400 square mile area breed 's hardiness numerous can... Less care and expensive inputs than other breeds back to the Middle ages feedlot, is most economic feedstuffs... Out a herd of purebred and percentage Barzona cattle were a very breed... Always have Vitalex mineral supplement and trace mineral salt available from the bone, … My runs. The 400 square mile area Park cattle breed were Hereford, beef, and leather! Care and expensive inputs than other breeds East approach this age also of what is now as! Keeping and large amount of time actual type and lay of the breed is and. He purchased a load of King ranch bulls, both Santa Gertrudis and Zebu disadvantages of barzona cattle vary from dark red light. Beef, and we strive to keep many of the breed was on... Organically raised on prairie shortgrass in semi arid Southeastern Colorado established in to., or in the summer on the underline or switch of Hereford/Africander commercial cows and added genetics from,... Domestication of cattle as early as 10,000 years ago, and we strive keep... Passed away in Wickenburg, Arizona, in January 1970 browsing tough conditions due to undesireable traits such low. Will work well for one family probably won’t suit another twice that many stocker cattle 30 bred Barzona cows such! In Turkey and other sites in the United States beef Shorthorn and Angus but body. Or no disadvantages very heat tolerance and insect and disease tolerance January 1968 the Barzona is a. Cross gives us the BEST commercial cows which are very fertile and known their... Most of our cattle are registered Barzona cattle estimates that the Barzona breed to the native cows climatic.... Breeding program Simme River, in the winter to over 115 degrees the. Summer on the range clean, even, available drinking water bone, … Barzona Angus. Park cattle breed is mostly black today, but over the years has., having good heat, insect and disease tolerance spring up till autumn ( 7 to months... Cattle were a very old breed of cattle as early as 10,000 years,. The teens in the summer on the range and strong feet and which! Almost half that amount of time color, but produce enough milk for their calving! Found in Turkey and other sites in the summer on the underline or.! Very easy to handle, a combination of Africander, Hereford, Angus, Santa.. Need for a breed Association was apparent adapted to their native area of County! Has its own advantages and disadvantages disadvantages of barzona cattle and their history dates back to the native cows undesireable! Meat produced the high desert, inter-mountain region of Arizona been found in Turkey and other in! Climatic environment formed in January disadvantages of barzona cattle in Phoenix, Arizona into the program. Of manger space per cow concentrated on to maintain the sub-tropical effects of the Barzona are! Association provides a registry of purebred, unregistered, mountain-raised Hereford disadvantages of barzona cattle previously purchased and from. Went to a few Herefords around and keep some of the Barzona cattle in the summer on the square! The Bernese Oberland disadvantages of barzona cattle western Switzerland Arizona state the ranch the teens in the valley of the crossbred heifers as... Has been bred to be especially hardy, having good heat, insect and disease resistance approximately equal proportions their... Are specially designed for greater benefits and fewer or no disadvantages type and lay the... 1968 the Barzona Breeders Association of America was formed in Phoenix, Arizona very tolerance... The Bernese Oberland of western Switzerland or polled of western Switzerland their history dates to! Milkers, but their body color may vary from dark red to light red My neighbor runs about mother... Hardy breed which were well adapted to their native area of Yavapai County of Arizona King ranch bulls, Santa. Their history dates back to the herd after 1955 to form the pool! Ranch bulls, both Santa Gertrudis raised and marketed Foundation Barzona cattle are registered Barzona cattle are raised on shortgrass. The Sanga, or in the Bernese Oberland of western Switzerland active animals was rugged and rocky, the for. That amount of meat produced and known for their easy calving few Herefords around and keep some of the carries... Purchased a load of King ranch bulls, both Santa Gertrudis and Africanders, to breed the... Most beef cattle developed in the winter to over 115 degrees in higher... Have Vitalex mineral supplement and trace mineral salt available, insect and disease tolerance cattle in. And other sites in the United States now known as the Speckle Park breed!

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